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International Building Code

International Building Code

Kings III Equipment is designed to meet all requirements of the International Building Code for emergency help phones. We also customize our equipment to comply with any local or state requirements.

Elevators and Conveying Systems SECTION 3001


3001.1 Scope. This chapter governs the design, construction, installation, alteration and repair of elevators and conveying systems and their components.

3001.2 Referenced standards. Except as otherwise provided for in this code, the design, construction, installation, alteration, repair and maintenance of elevators and conveying systems and their components shall conform to ASME A17.1, ASME A90.1, ASME B20.1, ALI ALCTV, and ASCE 24 for construction in flood hazard areas established in Section 1612.3.

3001.3 Accessibility. Passenger elevators required to be accessible by Chapter 11 shall conform to ICC A117.1.

3001.4 Change in use. A change in use of an elevator from freight to passenger, passenger to freight, or from one freight class to another freight class shall comply with Part XII of ASME A17.1.


Hoistway Enclosures

3002.1 Hoist way enclosure protection. Elevator, dumb waiter and other hoist way enclosures shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that specified in Chapter 6 and shall be constructed in accordance with Chapter 7.

3002.1.1 Opening protectives. Openings in hoist way enclosures shall be protected as required in Chapter 7.

3002.1.2 Hardware. Hardware on opening protectives shall be of an approved type in stalled as tested, except that approved interlocks, mechanical locks and electric contacts, door and gate electric contacts and door-operating mechanisms shall be exempt from the fire test requirements.

3002.2 Number of elevator cars in a hoist way. Where four or more elevator cars serve all or the same portion of a building, the elevators shall be located in at least two separate hoist ways. Not more than four elevator cars shall be located in any single hoist way enclosure.

3002.3 Emergency signs. An approved pictorial sign of a standardized design shall be posted adjacent to each elevator call station on all floors instructing occupants to use the exit stairways and not to use the elevators in case of fire. The sign shall read: IN FIRE EMERGENCY, DO NOT USE ELE VATOR.USE EXIT STAIRS. The emergency sign shall not be required for elevators that are part of an accessible means of egress complying with Section 1007.4.

3002.4 Elevator car to accommodate ambulance stretcher. In buildings four stories in height or more, at least one elevator shall be provided for fire department emergency access to all floors. Such elevator car shall be of such a size and arrangement to accommodate a 24-inch by 76-inch (610 mm by 1930 mm) ambulance stretcher in the horizontal, open position and shall be identified by the international symbol for emergency medical services (star of life). The symbol shall not be less than 3 inches (76 mm) high and shall be placed in side on both sides of the hoist way doorframe.

3002.5 Emergency doors. Where an elevator is in stalled in a single blind hoist way or on the out side of a building, there shall be in stalled in the blind portion of the hoist way or blank face of the building, an emergency door in accordance with ASME A17.1.

3002.6 Prohibited doors. Doors, other than hoist way doors and the elevator car door, shall be prohibited at the point of access to an elevator car unless such doors are readily open able from the car side with out a key, tool, special knowledge or effort.

3002.7 Common enclosure with stairway. Elevators shall not be in a common shaft enclosure with a stairway.

[F] SECTION 3003

Emergency Operations

3003.1 Standby power. In buildings and structures where standby power is required or furnished to operate an elevator, the operation shall be in accordance with Sections 3003.1.1 through 3003.1.4.

3003.1.1 Manual transfer Standby power shall be manually transferable to all elevators in each bank.

3003.1.2 One elevator. Where only one elevator is installed, the elevator shall automatically transfer to standby power within 60 seconds after failure of normal power.

3003.1.3 Two or more elevators. Where two or more elevators are controlled by a common operating system, all elevators shall automatically transfer to standby power within 60 seconds after failure of normal power where the standby power source is of sufficient capacity to operate all elevators at the same time. Where the standby power source is not of sufficient capacity to operate all elevators at the same time, all elevators shall transfer to standby power in sequence, return to the designated landing and disconnect from the standby power source. After all elevators have been returned to the designated level, at least one elevator shall remain operable from the standby power source.

3003.1.4 Venting. Where standby power is connected to elevators, the machine room ventilation or air conditioning shall be connected to the standby power source.

3003.2 Fire-fighters’ emergency operation. Elevators shall be provided with Phase I emergency recall operation and Phase II emergency in-car operation in accordance with ASME A17.1.



Hoistway Venting

3004.1 Vents required. Hoist ways of elevators and dumb waiters penetrating more than three stories shall be provided with a means for venting smoke and hot gases to the outer air in case of fire.


1. In occupancies of other than Groups R-1, R-2, I-1, I-2 and similar occupancies with over night sleeping quarters, venting of hoist ways is not required where the building is equipped through out with an approved automatic sprinkler system in stalled in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2.

2. Sidewalk elevator hoist ways are not required to be vented.

3004.2 Location of vents. Vents shall be located be low the floor or floors at the top of the hoist way, and shall open either directly to the outer air or through noncombustible ducts to the outer air. Noncombustible ducts shall be permitted to pass through the elevator machine room provided that portions of the ducts located out side the hoist way or machine room are enclosed by construction having not less than the fire protection rating required for the hoist way. Holes in the machine room floors for the passage of ropes, cables or other moving elevator equipment shall be limited so as not to provide greater than 2 inches (51 mm) of clearance on all sides.

3004.3 Area of vents. Except as provided for in Section 3004.3.1, the area of the vents shall not be less than 31/2 per cent of the area of the hoist way nor less than 3 square feet (0.28 m2) for each elevator car, and not less than 31/2 per cent nor less than 0.5 square foot (0.047 m2) for each dumb waiter car in the hoist way, whichever is greater. Of the total required vent area, not less than one-third shall be of the permanently open type unless all vents activate upon detection of smoke from any ofthe elevator lobby smoke detectors.

3004.3.1 Reduced vent area. Where mechanical ventilation conforming to the International Mechanical Code is provided, a reduction in the required vent area is allowed provided that all of the following conditions are met:

1. The occupancy is not in Group R-1, R-2, I-1 or I-2 or of a similar occupancy with over night sleeping quarters.

2. The vents required by Section 3004.2 do not have outside exposure.

3. The hoist way does not extend to the top of the building.

4. The hoist way and machine room exhaust fan is automatically reactivated by thermostatic means.

5. Equivalent venting of the hoist way is accomplished.

3004.4 Closed vents. Closed portions of the required vent area shall consist of windows or duct openings glazed with annealed glass not more than 0.125 inch (3.2 mm) thick.

3004.5 Plumbing and mechanical systems. Plumbing and mechanical systems shall not be located in an elevator shaft. Exception: Floor drains, sumps and sump pumps shall be permitted at the base of the shaft provided they are indirectly connected to the plumbing system.


Conveying Systems

3005.1 General. Escalators, moving walks, conveyors, personnel hoists and material hoists shall comply with the provisions of this section.

3005.2 Escalators and moving walks. Escalators and moving walks shall be constructed of approved noncombustible and fire-retardant materials. This requirement shall not apply to electrical equipment, wiring, wheels, handrails and the use of1/28-inch (0.9 mm) wood veneers on balustrades backed up with noncombustible materials.

3005.2.1 Enclosure. Escalator floor openings shall be enclosed except where Exception 2 of Section 707.2 is satisfied. 3005.2.2 Escalators. Where provided in be low-grade transportation stations, escalators shall have a clear width of 32 inches (815 mm) minimum. Exception: The clear width is not required in existing facilities undergoing alterations.

3005.3 Conveyors. Conveyors and conveying systems shall comply with ASME B20.1.

3005.3.1 Enclosure. Conveyors and related equipment connecting successive floors or levels shall be en closed with fire barrier walls and approved opening protectives complying with the requirements of Section 3002 and Chapter 7.

3005.3.2 Conveyor safeties. Power-operated conveyors, belts and other material-moving devices shall be equipped with automatic limit switches, which will shut off the power in an emergency and automatically stop all operation of the device.

3005.4 Personnel and material hoists. Personnel and material hoists shall be designed utilizing an approved method that accounts for the conditions imposed during the intended operation of the hoist device. The design shall include, but is not limited to, anticipated loads, structural stability, impact, vibration, stresses and seismic restraint. The design shall account for the construction, installation, operation and inspection of the hoist tower, car, machinery and control equipment, guide members and hoisting mechanism. Additionally, the design of personnel hoists shall include provisions for field-testing and maintenance, which will demonstrate that the hoist device functions in accordance with the design. Field tests shall be conducted upon the completion of an installation or following a major alteration of a personnel hoist.


Elevators and Conveying Systems


Machine Rooms

3006.1 Access. An approved means of access shall be provided to elevator machine rooms and over head machinery spaces.

3006.2 Venting. Elevator machine rooms that contain solid-state equipment for elevator operation shall be provided with an independent ventilation or air-conditioning system toprotect against the over heating of the electrical equipment. The system shall be capable of maintaining temperatures within the range established for the elevator equipment.

3006.3 Pressurization. The elevator machine room serving a pressurized elevator hoist way shall be pressurized upon activation of a heat or smoke detector located in the elevator machine room.

3006.4 Machine rooms and machinery spaces. Elevator machine rooms and machinery spaces shall be enclosed with construction having a fire-resistance rating not less than the required rating of the hoist way enclosure served by the machinery. Openings shall be protected with assemblies having a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the hoist way enclosure doors.

3006.5 Shunt trip. Where elevator hoist ways or elevator machine rooms containing elevator control equipment are protected with automatic sprinklers, a means installed in accordance with NFPA 72, Section 3-8.15, Elevator Shut down, shall be provided to disconnect automatically the main line power supply to the affected elevator prior to the application of water. This means shall not be self-resetting. The activation of sprinklers outside the hoist way or machine room shall not disconnect the main line power supply.

3006.6 Plumbing systems. Plumbing systems shall not be located in elevator equipment rooms.

2003 International Building Code® 553

Elevators and Conveying Systems

1007.6 Areas of refuge. Every required area of refuge shall be accessible from the space it serves by an accessible means of egress. The maximum travel distance from any accessible space to an area of refuge shall not exceed the travel distance permitted for the occupancy in accordance with Section 1015.1. Every required area of refuge shall have direct access to an enclosed stairway complying with Sections 1007.3 and 1019.1 or an elevator complying with Section 1007.4. Where an elevator lobby is used as an area of refuge, the shaft and lobby shall comply with Section 1019.1.8 for smoke proof enclosures except where the elevators are in an area of refuge formed by a horizontal exit or smoke barrier.

1007.6.1 Size. Each area of refuge shall be sized to accommodate one wheelchair space of 30 inches by 48 inches (762 mm by1219 mm) for each 200 occupants or portion thereof, based on the occupant load of the area of refuge and areas served by the area of refuge. Such wheelchair spaces shall not reduce the required means of egress width. Access to any of the required wheel chair spaces in an area of refuge shall not be obstructed by more than one adjoining wheelchair space.

1007.6.2 Separation. Each area of refuge shall be separated from the remainder of the story by a smoke barrier complying with Section 709. Each area of refuge shall be designed to minimize the intrusion of smoke.


1. Areas of refuge located within a stairway enclosure.

2. Areas of refuge where the area of refuge and areas served by the area of refuge are equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in stalled in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2.

1007.6.3 Two-way communication. Areas of refuge shall be provided with a two-way communication system between the area of refuge and a central control point. If the central control point is not constantly at tended, the area of refuge shall also have co trolled access to a public telephone system. Location of the central control point shall be approved by the fire department. The two-way communication system shall include both audible and visible signals.

1007.6.4 Instructions. In areas of refuge that have a two-way emergency communications system, instructions on the use of the area under emergency conditions shall be posted adjoining the communications system. The instructions shall include all of the following:

1. Directions to find other means of egress.

2. Persons able to use the exit stairway do so as soon as possible, unless they are assisting others.

3. Information on planned availability of assistance in the use of stairs or supervised operation of elevators and how to summon such assistance.

4. Directions for use of the emergency communications system.

1007.6.5 Identification. Each door providing access to an area of refuge from an adjacent floor area shall be identified by a sign complying with ICC A117.1, stating: AREA OF REFUGE, and including the International Symbol of Accessibility. Where exit sign illumination is required by Section 1011.2, the area of refuge sign shall be illuminated. Additionally, tactile signage complying with ICC A117.1 shall be located at each door to an area of refuge.


198 2003 International Building Code®

1007.7 Signage. At exits and elevators serving a required accessible space but not providing an approved accessible means of egress, signage shall be installed indicating the location of accessible means of egress.

ANSI A117.1 - 1998

407.2.13 Emergency Communications. Emergency two-way communication systems between the elevator car and a point outside the hoist way shall comply with ASME/ANSI A17.1. The highest operable part of a two-way communication system shall comply with Section 308.3. If the device is in a closed compartment, the compartment door hardware shall comply with Section 309. Tactile symbols and characters complying with Section 703.2 shall be provided adjacent to the device. If the system uses a handset, the cord from the panel to the handset shall be 29 inches (735 mm) long minimum. The car emergency signaling device shall not be limited to voice communication. If instructions for use are provided, essential information shall be presented in both tactile and visual form complying with Section 703.

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